What Is Organic Chemistry?
What is organic chemistry definition? The study of carbon molecules, together with the bonds they can form is what we refer to as organic chemistry. While this study involves looking at how carbon bonds with hydrogen, not all carbon-containing molecules fall in the organic chemistry category. Carbon is a naturally occurring component that is found in organic compounds that are or have been alive. Organic chemistry is different from inorganic chemistry in that organic compounds have both the carbon and hydrogen molecules. Inorganic ones either have one of these compounds or none.
Organic chemistry basics
It is essential to learn organic chemistry basics if you want to grasp the concept of this study. As we have established above, organic chemistry deals with bonds made between hydrogen and carbon molecules. The bond created when these two molecules fuse is known as a covalent bond. The atoms from both elements are shared equally to form a particular compound. The balance of atoms has to be present for the fusion to be termed as a covalent one. Part of learning what is organic chemistry is knowing the types of bonds formed by these elements. Three types of covalent bonds are known in this field of chemistry. They are:
- Single bonds
- Double bonds
- Triple bonds
Single bonds are known to have two electrons bonding. This means that this bond only has a pair of bonded electrons.
In double bonds, two pairs of electrons are seen to have bonded
This bond has three pairs of electrons. Three of these are derived from carbon while the other three come from hydrogen.
Aside from the covalent bond, carbon and hydrogen can also form a different bond known as polar covalent bonding. It is different from covalent bonding in how the molecules pair. A polar molecular bond does not form any even pair of atoms. As such, free molecules are seen to roam within the bond.
More about the complexity of organic chemistry
Why is organic chemistry so hard? This is a question that students should understand before opting to take organic chemistry. Most students are known to complain that organic chemistry is difficult to understand, a somewhat accurate statement. Before choosing any course, students are required to have an interest in it. If they fail to have this aspect, the subject automatically becomes tough for them to handle. Another characteristic of organic chemistry that makes it difficult to understand is its complexity.
For this reason, it takes time for one to grasp the underlying concept. This requires students to invest their time in learning this compound, making it a very demanding course.
The process of enrolling as an organic chemistry student
People interested in learning more about organic chemistry can enroll themselves in institutions of higher education, such as colleges or universities. They have to achieve the minimum prerequisite requirements for their application to be successful. These requirements include:
- Previous knowledge of basic chemistry in high school
- Experience in biology
Students need to have attained at least an A- in each of the following subjects for them to be considered as qualifying candidates.
Schools that offer organic chemistry
Previously, studying organic chemistry was limited only to institutions that study science-related courses. Today, regular campuses with a science faculty can provide this course. You have to send an application to your chosen university during your last high school term. This gives the university ample time to review your request and go through your grades history to establish whether you are a suitable candidate for taking the course. More schools are taking this approach to avoid taking students who drop the class halfway through it in search of easier ones.
Apart from this selection process, you are welcomed to apply for this course online. More universities have set up online education options that allow individuals who are restricted by time and space to get high-quality education from their homes or workplaces. You only have to be dedicated to the course and avail yourself to learn. Students pay tuition fees to facilitate them in gaining an education, but in most cases, such platforms are cheaper than physical location universities.
If you are constrained in terms of funds, then you can always get free education in websites that offer free certificate and diploma courses.
What can I do with an organic chemistry degree
Once you complete your study in this field, you can venture into various institutions and put your knowledge into use. Some of the most common organic chemistry jobs include:
- Environmental consultancy
- University and college lecturing
- Lab technician
- Forensic scientist
- Chemical engineering
- Clinical biochemistry
- High school teacher
Like every other career, organic chemistry practice problems are many. For instance, the lack of enough funds to conduct researches is one of the most prevalent issues faced by organic chemistry practitioners.
In a nutshell, organic and inorganic chemistry differ in the types of compounds found in their bonds. Also, it is essential to have an interest in this field if you want to know what is organic chemistry.